Did you know that the 13th amendment to the constitution did not abolish all slavery? I didn’t. In fact when I googled, “When did the 13th amendment pass?” This is what I got.
- December 6, 1865
- Passed by Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified on December 6, 1865, the 13th amendment abolished slavery in the United States. The 13th amendment, which formally abolished slavery in the United States, passed the Senate on April 8, 1864, and the House on January 31, 1865.
Note that the entire text of the amendment is linked but not stated, which leads us to believe that all slavery was abolished. It was not. Here is the text of the 13th amendment as passed and ratified.
Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
After the passage of this amendment, it was a common occurrence in the south for an able-bodied black man to be arrested and convicted of vagrancy for simply having no money in his pockets.
Black men who were unemployed for even a short time were at high risk for being channeled into the prison slavery system. The practice was called convict leasing and it served as an important part of the Not Slavery-Slavery system of that time. The convict leasing system had risen up to fill the need for cheap labor after most slavery was outlawed and the threat of the “lease was a powerful source of intimidation”… Convict leasing was also referred to as “the chain gang”. – The Wheat Money by Kristi Tyler
Whites were paid a fee for identifying a black person as a good worker for the convict leasing system.
Did you know about the full text of the 13th amendment?